Processes of Motivational Interviewing
The Motivational Interviewing process can be described as a four-phase model:
1. Engagement: This phase aims to build rapport and engage the client in the counseling process. Motivational interviewing techniques during this phase include reflective listening, open-ended questions, and affirmations.
2. Focus: In this phase, the counselor works with the client to identify specific goals and areas of change. Motivational interviewing techniques used during this phase include focusing, evoking, and planning.
3. Evocation: This is the phase in which the counselor explores the client’s motivation for change. Motivational interviewing techniques during this phase include reflective listening, open-ended questions, and affirmations.
4. Planning: In this final phase, the counselor and client work together to develop a plan of action for change. Motivational interviewing techniques used during this phase include focusing, evoking, and planning.
What to Expect from Motivational Interviewing
Elements of Motivational Interviewing
The Motivational Interviewing process is based on four key elements:
1. Rapport: Motivational interviewing begins with the development of rapport between the counselor and client. Rapport is a relationship of trust and mutual respect. The rapport-building phase of motivational interviewing is essential because it helps to engage the client in the counseling process.
2. Motivation: Motivational interviewing is based on the premise that people are more likely to change if they have strong motivation. The motivation for change must come from within the person; it cannot be imposed from the outside.
3. Change: Motivational interviewing is a process of change. Change is a process that takes time, effort, and commitment. Motivational interviewing is not a quick fix; it is a process that requires both the counselor and the client to be committed to change.
4. Goals: Motivational interviewing focuses on specific goals. Goals are essential because they provide direction and focus for the counseling process. Without goals, Motivational interviewing would be aimless and directionless.